Science

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Cancer drugs are becoming impressively diverse in terms of their numbers and biological functions. This level of pharmaceutical development has arisen in response to the many types and subtypes of cancer that we are aware of.

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With the plentitude of allergens in the air we breathe, the things we touch and the food we eat, it comes as no surprise that allergies are the 6th leading cause of chronic illness in the United States.

Though it can range from mild to severe in individuals, there is no cure for this condition, only the management of its symptoms by medications.

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Tinnitus is a condition in which the patient is subject to a consistent level of ‘phantom’ ringing or buzzing in the ears. It is not clear what causes it, although environmental and occupational factors have been implicated in the development of the condition.

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If someone were to ask you where the hope for the future of antibiotic drugs was going to come from, your answer probably would be anything besides ‘soil’.

On the other hand, you may also have known that some extremely dangerous bacteria (such as those associated with the disease tetanus) are also found in this substance; therefore, it may be reasonable to assume that some soil-living micro-organisms may have evolved chemical defences against others.

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Some of the biggest cities in the world, such as Cape Town, Bangalore and Beijing, are predicted to run out of drinking water — and soon.

With sustainability being key, can conservationists and scientists devise means to preserve and generate clean, potable water?

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Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is one of the most prominent and well-known progressive neurodegenerative conditions that affect humanity.

It is a form of dementia related to excessive levels of proteins such as tau and amyloid-beta in certain brain regions. Treatment for AD is gradually becoming more and more effective; with many more patients capable of living more or less normal lives while managing their conditions over time.

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The risk of developing many different forms of cancer may be strongly associated with age. Some scientists even agree that there may be a “power law” that connects increasing age to increasing susceptibilities to cancer. However, a new study, conducted at Dundee University, disrupts this theory with evidence of a new statistical link between thymic functions and the age-related risk of cancer. This new data may be the basis of a new, immune system-based hypothesis to be used in the study and treatment of relevant diseases.

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Technology is rapidly changing the world, and innovations are being developed that will redefine how we live. Here at Evolving Science we have examined how electric cars will be charged on the go, and looked at how a smart homes are almost a reality in our article ‘Control Your Home, Control Your World’.

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Metal is an incredible form of matter. Furthermore, the common tools made of the high-grade purified elements and alloys we’ve come to take for granted are the results of intensive research, development and labour over millennia. Humanity’s continuous investigations into better, stronger metals have informed civilisations, and determined the survival of some, over the course of its existence.

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Dubbed the world’s most powerful operational rocket is Falcon Heavy, manufactured by US entrepreneur Elon Musk’s space technology company, SpaceX. It is currently the highest capacity rocket, and could, in the near future, enable humans to travel into space, to other planets or maybe even the moon!

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The naked mole rat has been a research subject of interest for decades, due to their novel social structure and unusual physiology.

These rodents have been observed to be much less susceptible to cancer and other genetic abnormalities compared to other species in their class. Moreover, it appears that the naked mole-rat has a much greater lifespan than other animals of a comparable weight and size.

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Many scientists agree that the future is microbotic – and possibly also nanobotic.

They argue that fleets of tiny robots can offer a great deal of benefit to many industries, including healthcare and national defense. However, these robotic swarms will need a lot of power to achieve their ends.

An alternative energy sources

It’s thought that electricity from conventional sources may not cut it for the purpose of powering these tiny robots.

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Scientific studies are designed to test hypotheses, such as that a new treatment will be more effective than a corresponding control. However, researchers should conduct their analyses with an eye to the possibility that there is something behind apparently positive results besides the variables they are to focus on.

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Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition in which the patient’s ability to produce insulin is negated by their body’s own protective processes, often from an early age. As with type 2 diabetes, it can require chronic medical treatment from the point of diagnosis in order to avoid severe, even life-threatening, disease events.

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Up until now, the best memory standard you might have gotten for your graphics’ performance would have been DDR5. This is the highest value of double-data rate (DDR) type chips available to enhance video, multimedia or gaming, available on the highest end of devices.

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According to the Global Burden of Skin Disease, skin conditions were ranked fourth in leading causes of disability, globally, and was the 18th leading cause of DALYs (disability-adjusted life year).

Another serious condition sweeping nations is melanoma, a type of skin cancer affecting more than 85,000 individuals per year in the US alone.

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Perovskites have attracted a lot of interest as the raw materials for the photovoltaic devices that make up the cells of sun-powered batteries.

These minerals, particularly those of the organic-inorganic hybrid variety, have a range of properties that make them ideal for the absorption and retention of solar energy. However, there is one major drawback: these hybrid perovskites are lead-based, and, therefore, toxic. They are also water-soluble, which may affect the risk of environmental contamination with this metal.

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The security of personal or important information from those who would exploit it for their own gain is an increasingly pressing concern for modern-day society.

It is hard to stay completely anonymous for personal privacy on the internet these days. The browsers and programmes we all use every day may leak data that could identify or locate us; on the other hand, there are tools and strategies out there that can help seal these minor breaches.

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The management of type 1 diabetes mellitus is an extensive, cumbersome process for patients as it involves rigid schedules and maintenance with regard to administering insulin injections regularly.

As of 2017, according to the National Diabetes Statistics Report, more than 30 million people around the world are suffering with diabetes, a tenth of that affecting the American population.

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Remember Dolly the sheep, the first mammal born as a product of cloning?

That was in 1996. A few years after that the rhesus macaque, Tetra, was created by a simpler technique called ‘embryo splitting’. Over the last decade, the exponential growth of technology in areas of bioengineering and medicine has led researchers to revisit the idea of developing cloned mammals for the purpose of research and therapy.

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